Convert Data To Bytes Swift 4

read() a four-character hexadecimal string that I would like to convert into a float. Computers store all characters as numbers stored as binary data. BitConverter. I'm trying to convert this Objective-C code (originally found in this Stack Overflow question) which turns an NSString into NSData to Swift: - (NSData *)dataFromHexString { const char *chars =. For more information about value types, see Working with Cocoa Frameworks in Using Swift with Cocoa and Objective-C (Swift 4. Data Types Available in MATLAB. Examples can be found on MQSeries. Re: Convert Hex value to Integer, XCode 7, Swift 2 Level 8 (6,565 points) Claude31 Oct 10, 2016 2:58 PM ( in response to aranel_rauta ). 25 × 105 bytes per second. The smalldatetime data type stores dates and times of day with less precision than datetime. A 4-byte number can be a signed integer, unsigned integer, or a single precision floating point number. This XML file is having some date, which i want to convert into an byte[] and then save it in a file. From them I select corresponding two-byte of data set for necessary parameter calculation. Convert a single line of uuencoded data back to binary and return the binary data. Probably to the fact that when converting to binary, the original text that was UTF16 was converted to ANSI. You don't need a calculate bar. Migrating to Swift 4. DOCX extends what is possible with the binary files of earlier versions. The problem would be even worst in BCD as BCD could only represent 100 numbers. But although computer data and file size is normally measured in binary code using the binary number system (counted by factors of two 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, etc), the prefixes for the multiples are based on the metric system! The nearest binary number to 1,000 is 2^10 or 1,024; thus 1,024 bytes was named a Kilobyte. Optionals and Array. The file contains an image that can be read with Imaging software such as Amira. Since JET 4. Convert Decimal to Octal: 2. The BitConverter class in. You may have to convert from bytes to a built-in data type after you read bytes off the network, for example. format("%02X", b); is ofcourse the only thing you need. 50) in your Swift code. Converting file into byte array important to store binary file in database, send to other systems using remoting. nio to convert the data from little endian to Big endian. How many Megabytes in a Terabyte: If D TB = 1 then D MB = 1 048 576 MB. The problem comes when incoming string has 16 bytes of IV included in the beginning. It converts the UInt8 array back into a String. Problem – Write a program to transfer a block of 4 bytes, starting address is 0500 and transfer the block at address 0600 by using string instructions. ByteBackpacker. When outputting data, convert back into bytes¶ When you go to send your data back outside of your program (to the filesystem, over the network, displaying to the user, etc) turn the data back into a byte str. The best converter to transform JPG, JPEG, PNG or GIF files with the best SVG resolution. Get the integer quotient for the next iteration. Data files however often suffer the effects of hardware. To use the calculator, simply select a unit storage type and the unit that you want it converted to from the drop-down lists. Convert from decimal to hexadecimal with leading zeroes and uppercase: 2. Bit to byte conversion : How you can easily convert between bits and bytes without needing a hex/binary calculator and how to use hexadecimal for working with binary numbers. integerValue. I wanted to load each individual digit into a byte array. Here is an online bandwidth / data type calculator to convert the entered value to its equivalent value in SI and binary units of bits (kilobit, megabit, gigabit, terabit, Kibibit, Mebibit, Gibibit and Tebibit) and bytes (kilobyte, megabyte, gigabyte, terabyte, kibibyte, mebibyte, gibibyte and tebibyte). (!) ATTENTION: Since at the time that I made this code The final version of Swift 3 was NOT released yet you may experience some minor. Then I have to send these bytes (with the rectangular coordinates) and draw it on the other side. The Swift overlay to the Foundation framework provides the Data structure, which bridges to the NSData class and its mutable subclass NSMutable Data. Make sure that the project that you intend to migrate builds successfully in Swift 3 or Swift 4 mode, and all its tests pass. 0) The number should range from 0. It is now possible to read and write geographical datasets using the shapefile format with a wide variety of software. Also support generating PDF from Docx file in PDF/A compliant mode. The C# example below is for converting Docx document to PDF document. Hello, I'm trying to make a powershell function to read a. That’s the function you should call. The Swift overlay to the Foundation framework provides the Data structure, which bridges to the NSMutable Data class and its immutable superclass NSData. If the device that our application is running on stores data in little-endian order than we need to convert it. In this article, we will discuss various techniques of converting int to a byte array and vice versa, int array to byte array and so on. 1 GB to byte = 1073741824 byte. ConvertDataTypes is the helpfull website for converting your data types in several programming languages. SPONSORED Love SwiftUI? Us too! Get ready for iOS 13 and debug faster with Instabug. LittleEndian, because this is the native byte order in iOS and Mac OS X, the primary platforms for Swift, I assume? Update: I created a ByteBackpacker project. How to convert 4 hex bytes into a single integer. I thought this was all I needed but if I try to print it it just prints "12 bytes". I read the data from a sensor giving a stream of byte data (unsigned 0 to 255). Now that I compare them it feels like the original string had all the letters +1. Bytes conversion. Because Unicode data always uses an even number of bytes,. These new types differ not only in their memory behaviour and name, their methods also differ. bytes are come through as: 61, 231, 150, 69. 3" var float = (string as NSString). You can create empty or pre-populated buffers from a variety of sources and later add or remove bytes. The eight primitive data types supported by the Java programming language are: byte: The byte data type is an 8-bit signed two's complement integer. This is a discussion of COBOL Computational fields. Unicode, UTF7 or UTF8 perhaps. Problem – Write a program to transfer a block of 4 bytes, starting address is 0500 and transfer the block at address 0600 by using string instructions. Hello everyone In my project I'm communicating to a Datalogic Matrix 300 Scanner via Ethernet/IP protocol. B Bytes to Gigabytes GB;. Data types can seem confusing for example, if a field's data type is Text, it can store data that consists of either text or numerical characters. The principal built-in types are numerics, sequences, mappings, classes, i. Convert a single audio file, a playlist or a large batch of files. The amount of data available on the web in the year 2000 is thought to occupy 8 petabytes (theorized by Roy Williams). Because of problems, be careful when using this method in places where not necessary. Paul Hudson @twostraws May 28th 2019. the decimal value for '1' is represented in hexadecimal as '1' but the hexadecimal value of '15' (decimal) is shown as 'F' (hexadecimal) and the value of '17' (decimal) is '11' in Hexadecimal. I couldn't find a solution to this problem in Swift (all of them are Objective-C, and they deal with pointers which I don't think exist in Swift in the same form). Each TIFF file begins with an image file header which then points to an image file directory which contains the image data and image information. string stringToConvert = "This will be converted into a byte array and back"; byte[] buffer = Encoding. Convert Decimal to Octal: 2. In playground add following code. You may have to convert from bytes to a built-in data type after you read bytes off the network, for example. You might need to convert COMPUTATIONAL , COMPUTATIONAL-3 , COMPUTATIONAL-6 and DISPLAY data from RM/COBOL format to the formats used by this system. The ByteString type represents sequences of bytes or 8-bit characters. > I'm trying to convert a assembly to bytes to be stored in sql server, i got the assembly to bytes like this: You just read your assembly as a FILE into a binary stream. Did you ever find the character that was being written to the Varchar field that was making your data not numeric? I ask because if the character was a LF or CR character that was being inserted by some buggy code your solution could cause data loss. In the case of a byte stream - we know the exact size of the underlying data. And sometimes you'll have source code written in other programming languages that contain the equivalent of Byte[] arrays which you want to extract and convert into something more PowerShell-malleable, which is not hard if you paste that code into a here-string in your shell and then convert that string into a Byte[] array. Data types conversion. 1 gigabyte to byte = 1073741824 byte. Data Units Conversion. floatValue Or if you use this in a lot. When the loop has completed the proper number of iterations the memory is again sampled and the delta is recorded. In Swift 4 you get native String support for working with different numeric types (Float, Double, and Int). We should point out that its actual value is 1,024 bytes (or 2^10 bytes). Meanwhile (in Swift 4) we transform Strings and Ints. Push the "Convert to Base64 Image" button on the top of the page. I want to convert this into an Integer value or a double value to do real mathematic calculations. 10101100 = 254 in octal How do you convert binary into hexadecimal? Split the binary number in half, convert each half into denary (with place value headings being 8, 4, 2, 1), then convert each denary number into hex to find hexadecimal value. I need help converting any type to a byte array. com Convert data types programming in one click !. Swift 3 encompasses many different small and big changes to the language. C# Code Snippet - Convert file to byte array. Type in your own numbers in the form to convert the units! ›› Want other units?. This module performs conversions between Python values and C structs represented as Python bytes objects. ConvertDataTypes. toBitstream(). As UTF-8, it means ñ. 1) if i read the 8 bytes in and convert to time i get something like 06/11/2714 08:36:53 which is obviously wrong. I have a library that reads image data and returns the data as an array of unsigned chars. For the most efficient representation of data, Ints are often ideal. Here's how to convert a PDF file into a Word document using a number of our favorite methods. txt") if file != nil { // Set the data we want to write let data = ("Silentium est aureum" as NSString). The BitConverter class in. com is for Java and J2EE developers, all examples are simple and easy to understand, and well tested in our development environment. In this VBA Tutorial, you learn how to convert strings to numbers of the Byte, Integer, Long, Single, Double, Currency and Decimal data types. In today’s world there is more information than ever before. Python Bytes, Bytearray: Learn Bytes literals, bytes() and bytearray() functions, create a bytes object in Python, convert bytes to string, convert hex string to bytes, numeric code representing a character of a bytes object in Python, define a mapping table characters for use with a bytes object in Python, convert bytes to hex in Python, how to get the character from the numeric code in bytes. Every data may be converted to a stream of bytes. And finaly if it is a bit index only 512M bytes (4G bits). Related: Converting from byte array to bitarray. 4 GB to byte = 4294967296 byte. Belongs in category Data size. You can use the Office programs to save or convert your files to PDFs so that you can share them or print them using commercial printers. To convert this JSON string to a Beer instance, we’ll mark our types as Codable. Boolean data. An efficient compact, immutable byte string type (both strict and lazy) suitable for binary or 8-bit character data. A string is a series of characters, such as "Swift", that forms a collection. The strings can correspond to instructions, letters, or symbols. Online calculator to convert bits per second to Megabits per second (bps to Mbps) with formulas, examples, and tables. An SQL developer must decide what type of data that will be stored inside each column when creating a table. Convert Any To Data Swift 4. Additionally, there is a Data (formerly NSData) extension to convert Data objects into a Byte array. This is a new feature of Swift 4. Implicit conversion from data type varchar to varbinary is not allowed. The ByteString type represents sequences of bytes or 8-bit characters. writeData(data!). Every data type stores data that is in the form of a matrix or array. 4 bytes - 32-bit int, [11] -- Might specify the type of data that follows? 4 bytes - 32-bit int, length of following data (width*height of 3D section) width*height bytes - alpha mask data, 0 = opaque, 128 = transparent (across, then down) 3D Perspective Image RGB Data 4 bytes - 32-bit int, [1] -- Might specify the type of data that follows?. byte: byteFromSQL(ResultSet rs, int column) Convert the specified column of the SQL ResultSet to the proper java type. Computer programs, including spreadsheets, text editors, calculators, or chat clients, work with data. I added screenshots, where I used it for a drive. byteBuffer - a byte buffer to convert to Hex characters toDigits - the output alphabet (must be at least 16 characters) Returns: A char[] containing the appropriate characters from the alphabet For best results, this should be either upper- or lower-case hex. Only those passionate with their craft take the time to research the pros and cons of all the conversion methods. The compressionLevel parameter specifies how much compression should be used. The Java virtual machine operates in big endian mode on all platforms and thus is often immune from processor architecture effects. I had Xcode 8 convert my code to Swift 3. ASCII Adjust for Divide 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 CBW e Convert Byte to from ENCS 338 at Birzeit University. Strings can be long (e. The value null is used to indicate the lack of a value. floatValue Or if you use this in a lot. The number 314159 is six bytes as a String and one as an Int. That's how you convert text to Base 64. I converted the audio files to byte array, then as I needed to convert it to binary and XOr it with a fixed key I chose, after which I converted the XOred strings to byte array again. Binary data types of either fixed length or variable length. Swift 4: Convert Unix Timestamp to a nicely formatted Date & Time I needed to convert a Unix Timestamp, which for some inexplicit reason was being returned as a String by an API I was using and this is the super foolish function I ended up with. Does anyone know a way to do so ?!. Lines normally contain 45 (binary) bytes, except for the last line. imdecode(new Ma. Note that you should create Matrix<> with a matching type to the Mat object. raw download clone embed report print Python 8. Click "Convert" to convert your MIDI file. Base64 encoding Instead of storing encrypted values as binary data (byte arrays) and having to deal with trailing zeros, you can convert them to strings. This is a discussion of COBOL Computational fields. Hi there,I have a double precision floating point number that I want to convert into a byte array. I then need to convert these 4 bytes back to a float. Zamzar Pro Tip: Should you wish to open MIDI files then you could consider using Windows Media Player. [code]byte[] bytes = FileUtils. Online converter for units of data transfer rate. SORT – CONVERT PD to ZD and BI to ZD. 2 WinDriver Byte Ordering Macros The PCI bus is designated as little endian, complying with x86 architecture. You can create empty or pre-populated buffers from a variety of sources and later add or remove bytes. How can I convert the sets of 4 bytes to floats? When the library actually stores arrays of 'float's, but gives you a. Note that rounding errors may occur, so always check the results. Python internal module struct could convert binary data (bytes) to integers. A gigabyte is the equivalent of 1,000,000,000 bytes. Mostly used to format output data. But that's not the end of the story, you may need to use the NumberFormatter (NSNumberFormatter) class to convert formatted numbers (1,000,000) or currency ($3. KB to Bytes conversion is a tool to calculate data storage capacity of digital information, learn how many bytes in a kilobyte, convert kilobyte to byte. In the NSString Cocoa Documentation Apple is saying you have to use this:. DirectoryServices. Convert a byte array to a Hex string: 2. Convert byte array to Integer and Long : Array Convert « Collections Data Structure « Java. Instant free online tool for word to byte conversion or vice versa. if it is MM, then you have Motorola byte ordering and likewise if it is II it means you have Intel byte ordering. Arrays can be used with optionals. discard it before performing decryption). This module performs conversions between Python values and C structs represented as Python bytes objects. I added screenshots, where I used it for a drive. Convert Bytes to Integers in Python 2. For example, the hexadecimal 1 is equal to the binary 0001. NET Framework is provides functionality to convert base data types to an array of bytes, and an array of bytes to base data types. Where can be used Base64 encoded image? It can be used in Data. I read the data from a sensor giving a stream of byte data (unsigned 0 to 255). For your convenience, CryptoSwift provides two functions to easily convert an array of bytes to Data or Data to an array of bytes: Data from bytes:. Posted Most of my data spec called for UInt and that is easy but I'm having trouble extracting the two bytes. Has a smaller file size. Converting a partition from FAT32 to NTFS can be done by an inbuilt utility in the Windows XP operating system — but it is important to realise that it is a one-way process. Only those passionate with their craft take the time to research the pros and cons of all the conversion methods. The smalldatetime data type stores dates and times of day with less precision than datetime. In this article, we will discuss various techniques of converting int to a byte array and vice versa, int array to byte array and so on. Can anyone advice me on how to do this. Many pointer operations must only be applied to pointers with memory in a specific state—you must keep track of the state of the memory you are working with and understand the changes to that state that different operations perform. So just move your characters skipping first two bytes of the string. Best regards. ByteBackpacker is a small utility written in pure Swift to pack value types into a Byte¹ array and unpack them back. Record iPhone video, Convert to mp4 and upload to PHP Server Content tagged with swift 4 Then you convert that zero byte data object into a string as the body. I read the data from a sensor giving a stream of byte data (unsigned 0 to 255). Is this string 4 bytes? I'm not sure what you mean by "negative hex numbers are not support[ed]". Net C# code snippet convert external file to byte array. Details About Connected Users Using tools; libpq is the C application programmer’s interface to PostgreSQL. Data files however often suffer the effects of hardware. Often, some kind of separator is used to make the encoded data easier for human reading. Repeat Step – 3 & Step – 4, recording remainders from right to left, until the quotient becomes less than the digit of new base so that it cannot be divided. I am interested in converting sets of 4 bytes to floats in C++. It has a minimum value of 0 and a maximum value of 255 (inclusive) Java’s byte — The byte data type is an 8-bit signed two. These new types differ not only in their memory behaviour and name, their methods also differ. If I'm reading your hardware guy's notes correctly, then you have a two-byte value for event time, and a one-byte value for event data; and where the most significant bit of bytTemp[0] is Event Used Flag, next most significant bit unused, 3rd - 4th bits are Type, and bits 6-16 are minutes from midnight?. The following example defines a string array and attempts to convert each string to a Byte. The bytes() takes three optional parameters: source (Optional) - source to initialize the array of bytes. How to BlowdkWrite Bytes and Integers into same file. Details About Connected Users Using tools; libpq is the C application programmer’s interface to PostgreSQL. You can treat Core Data as a. The byte data type can be useful for saving memory in large arrays, where the memory savings. Also if I was to use a tuple rather than an array (which is terrible) I'd get the right values! So the way I am converting the Data packet works, it's just that I can't manage to get those 20 elements into an array. See the attachment for more information. What methods exists for making this conversion?. Convert a single audio file, a playlist or a large batch of files. Hello, I'm trying to make a powershell function to read a. For that reason CIM clients expect valid UTF-8 returned by the CIM server. Yes it is easy and trivial but really I need help. net byte arrays can be easily compared, compressed, stored, or converted to other data types. There are lots of kinds of data, and Swift handles them all individually. Convert from Bytes to Gigabytes. When the loop has completed the proper number of iterations the memory is again sampled and the delta is recorded. Make sure that the project that you intend to migrate builds successfully in Swift 3 or Swift 4 mode, and all its tests pass. Featured in the Apple App Store!. [code]byte[] bytes = FileUtils. It converts the UInt8 array back into a String. To convert hexadecimal to binary, convert each hexadecimal digit to 4 binary digits. CODE SNIPPETS CODESNIPPETS FOR. In second method we are going to create custom format for the date & time. This array holds four bytes at indexes 3 - 7 that are the resistance value for the temperature sensor. The Swift overlay to the Foundation framework provides the Data structure, which bridges to the NSData class and its mutable subclass NSMutable Data. 4 MB to byte = 4194304 byte. A gigabyte is the equivalent of 1,000,000,000 bytes. For example the method. Only those passionate with their craft take the time to research the pros and cons of all the conversion methods. The symbols include 0-9 and a-f (sometimes A-F). Have questions or problems with Malwarebytes 3 (previously known as Malwarebytes Anti-Malware)? Post them here to get advice from tech experts and fellow users. I converted the audio files to byte array, then as I needed to convert it to binary and XOr it with a fixed key I chose, after which I converted the XOred strings to byte array again. I want to make a confidence: the MENGE data makes my life much harder because of all the dumb of illegal data type occurred to Quantity data type. "big endian" and "small endian" boils down to if the bits of your data is stored left-to-right or right-to-left. Convert String, Bytes. Convert MB, GB, KB to bytes One of our partners don't understand how to usefully present data, and their equipment is generating data usage reports into csv/xls, however are displaying data values in a mix of GB's, MB's and KB's. so Question:. For example, to play three 'simultaneous' notes on the same MIDI channel, a Note On status byte can be sent, followed by six data bytes. By default, numeric values in COBOL files are stored in "display", or character, format, in the same way the letters of the alphabet are stored. GetBytes() will do what your need. When you want to convert a value from other than bytes to KB/MB/TB/GB: It is easy to convert any format to other using PowerShell console but when it comes to writing scripts, we will have this problem. You can treat Core Data as a. After knowing primitive data types and Java rules of Data Type Casting (Type Conversion), let us cast double to byte. Meanwhile (in Swift 4) we transform Strings and Ints. In this article, I will show how to use Mobile Secrets gem alongside with GPG to handle app secrets the most secure way. For pickers see the post for more information about using UIPickerView. In the NSString Cocoa Documentation Apple is saying you have to use this:. Also, explore tools to convert gigabyte or byte to other data storage units or learn more about data storage conversions. please share your thoughts. binary and varbinary (Transact-SQL) 08/16/2017; 2 minutes to read +1; In this article. I have a 1 byte field PIC x(1) in my input file, but the value is binary format (8 bits), how do I convert the binary value to decimal (display on a report) in a COBOL pgm? For example, if that one byte has 1010011, I should display on report a value 83. Using the same approach as the above sections, we’re going to take a look at how to convert an InputStream to a ByteBuffer – first using plain Java, then using Guava and Commons IO. 1 Note: Functions for converting to date, numeric, string, and timestamp data types can be found through the related links. If the Data instance can’t be converted to a UTF-8 string, you’ll get sent back an empty string. TryParse 12/19/2018 8:09:44 AM. First is to convert in pre formatted date. 4 Designed for XML use. txt") if file != nil { // Set the data we want to write let data = ("Silentium est aureum" as NSString). The data in a PFX files is not string-oriented. ConvertDataTypes. readFileToByteArray(new File("aaa. Luckily C++ is a general purpose language so it allows to solve this quite easily and, as most things, you have many ways of accomplishing this task. ByteBackpacker. read() a four-character hexadecimal string that I would like to convert into a float. imdecode(new Ma. The four character string is the IEEE754 representation of the float using four bytes. NET Framework is provides functionality to convert base data types to an array of bytes, and an array of bytes to base data types. I have a ton of MKV files I need to convert to MP4 and my chosen software is Handbrake. TruncationException: Trying to convert return value or output parameter of size XXX bytes to a T-SQL type with a smaller size limit of 8000 bytes. Now since most of the applications are using APIs for data communication between server and client, the requirement of converting files to Byte array has increased immensely. One of them is the introduction of value type wrappers for common Foundation reference types such as NSData (Data) or NSDate (Date). STORE_NBR) from Varchar to number. megabyte per second? How many seconds will need my 100Mb file to download on a certaint connection speed? Instantly convert any unit to all others. Converting integer to 2 bytes and back again. In this article, I will show how to use Mobile Secrets gem alongside with GPG to handle app secrets the most secure way. Our conversions provide a quick and easy way to convert between Data Rate units. Lets begin with first method. Migrating to Swift 4. Leading zeros are understood to be meaningless: For instance, if n is 8, [0, 0, 0, 4, 7, 3] is equivalent to [4, 7, 3] and both equal (473) in base 8, or 315 in base 10, or 13B in hex, or [1, 59] as a byte array. Let’s give it a go with Swift. Probably to the fact that when converting to binary, the original text that was UTF16 was converted to ANSI. Please post an example of your "32 bit hex string" data and what it should convert to. Reads a boolean (one byte) unsigned value from the buffer and returns true if it is non-zero and false if it is zero. Hexadecimal is base 16. It can be used interchangeably with the JavaScript null value. How to convert decimal to binary Conversion steps: Divide the number by 2. Click "Convert" to convert your MIDI file. I had Xcode 8 convert my code to Swift 3. I could do it in C but in Qt I did not find any solution :). Luckily C++ is a general purpose language so it allows to solve this quite easily and, as most things, you have many ways of accomplishing this task. Because date is used very often there are few readymade date formats available to use out of the box. format("%02X", b); is ofcourse the only thing you need. Swift's string interpolation means you can convert all sorts of data – including integers – to a string in just one line of code: let str1 = "\(myInt)" However, the more common way is just to use the string initializer, like this: let str2 = String(myInt) SPONSORED Love SwiftUI? Us too! Get. MATLAB provides 15 fundamental data types. For pickers see the post for more information about using UIPickerView. When you have some data which is encoded in UTF8 Data than you can use below code. Let's convert the "A" character to binary format. b2a_uu (data) ¶ Convert binary data to a line of ASCII characters, the return value is the converted line, including a newline char. What do you think about encapsulating the two function in a class, e. Swift 3 — APIs , Network Requests, & JSON: Getting the data. I came to this question looking for how to convert to a Int8 array. In Data storage and when describing memory size, a Kilobyte is 2^10, or 1024 bytes. The shapefile format was introduced with ArcView GIS version 2 in the early 1990s. Converting file into byte array important to store binary file in database, send to other systems using remoting. Program that converts an Int to UInt8 Array in Swift. A string is a series of characters, such as "Swift", that forms a collection. I need a Byte array to import the data into an X509Certificate2 object. Probably I'll need to convert Big-Endian to Little-Endian as well (but it easy) Any ready-to-use code, link, idea. Convert, however, System. If we need to Upload a zip file to azure blob then we need to convert the zip file to byte array first and then pass it. You can filter and sort the content, or compare against other buffers. SQL Server stores smalldatetime values as two 2-byte integers. By the way, the fact that it DOES matter is the reason that Python moved to using two different types for binary and text data: it can't convert magically between them because it doesn't know the encoding unless you tell it!.